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Water Law in India (An Introduction to Legal Instruments)

Water Law in India (An Introduction to Legal Instruments)

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Description
India's dependence on water is critical owing to its large agricultural base, the water needs of its billion-plus population, and the recent economic growth trends. Despite the plethora of material on environmental law, legal scholarship on water law in particular has been negligible. This timely work pieces together key legislative instruments and policy documents to provide an overarching picture of the legal regime and regulations related to water in India.
The book thoroughly discusses the policy framework for the use of water in India. It also brings out the complexity in the structure of laws due to variations at the levels of their implementation, that is, at the international, national, state, municipal, and panchayat levels. It covers a wide range of issues such as centre-state relations; management, appropriation, and control of water; irrigation; sanitation; drinking water; ground water; pollution; and water-dependent activities such as power generation, and fisheries. This volume further explores water-related environmental and health concerns. The work also examines the importance of various conflict resolution processes for resolving water-related disputes. It offers a range of legal ideas on water management in India, and thus, provides crucial insights into the field.
This book will fill a critical gap in the study of and research on water law, providing a ready reference point for a variety of legal mechanisms, and introduction to how they operate and what their implications are. Lucid and comprehensive, the volume, apart from being invaluable tor students and teachers of law, political science, economies, and development studies, will also appeal to anybody keen to learn more about water law in India.
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Contents
1.   WATER LAW IN INDIA: AN OVERVIEW

evolution of water law
key features of water law
evolving water law and policy
  Water Sector Reforms
  Water Law Reforms
the mosaic of water law
further reading: selected books on water law in India
2.  INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR WATER LAW
International law and policy
  Human Right to Water under International Law
    Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
    Discrimination against Women, 1979
    Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989
    Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,
    General Comment 15: The Right to Water, 2002
    United Nations General Assembly Resolution:
    The Human Right to Water and Sanitation, 2010
  International Environmental Law
    Stockholm Declaration: Declaration of the United Nations
    Conference on the Human Environment, 1972
  Soft Law Instruments Concerning Water
    Dublin Statement on Water and Sustainable Development, 1992
  Fundamental right to water
    Subhash Kumar v. State of Bihar, 1991
    Humid Khan v. State ofMadhya Pradesh, 1996
    Vishala Kochi Kudivella Samarkshana Samithi v.
    State ofKerala, 2006
    Constitutional Provisions Related to the Fundamental Right to Water
Jurisdiction over water and sanitation: constitution
  Centre-State Powers
  Powers of Decentralized Bodies of Democratic Governance
Principles and concepts of water law
  Prohibition of Ownership and Public Trust
    M.C. Mehta v. Kamal Nath, 1996
    State of West Bengal v. Kesoram Industries, 2004
  Precautionary Principle and Polluter Pays Principle
    Vellore Citizens' Welfare Forum v. Union of India, 1996
  Common Law Principles
    Indian Easements Act, 1882
    Secretary of State v. S. Subbarayudu, 1931
    Karathigundi Keshava Bhatta v. Sunnanguli Krishna Bhatta, 1945
  Sovereign Appropriation and Eminent Domain
    Land Acquisition Act, 1894
    Secretary of State v. P.S. Nageswara lyer, 1936
    Tekaba A.O. v. Sakumeren A.O., 2004
   Inter-sectoral Allocation of Water
    Maharashtra State Water Policy, 2003
    Odisha State Water Policy, 2007
Water policies
    National Water Policy, 2002
Additional references
3.   INTER-STATE RIVERS: MANAGEMENT, DEVELOPMENT
AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION

Management and development at the river basin level
     River Boards Act, 1956
     Betwa River Board Act, 1976
Settlement of inter-state river water disputes
     Constitution: Inter-state Rivers and River Valleys
     Inter-State River Water Disputes Act, 1956
Inter-linking of rivers
     Ken-Betwa Link Project: Memorandum of Understanding, 2005
     Proposed River Links additional references
4.  DRINKING WATER SUPPLY
Instruments with general coverage
     Draft Guidelines for Preparation of Legislation for Framir
     Drinking Water Regulations, 2007
     Disaster Management Act, 2005
     Uttar Pradesh Water Supply and Sewerage Act, 1975
Rural context
     National Rural Drinking Water Programme, 2009/2010
     Uttar Pradesh Panchayath Raj Act, 1947
Urban context
   National level
     Cantonments Act, 2006
   State level
     Bihar Municipal Act, 2007
   Urban Sector Reforms
     Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission,
     Modified Guidelines (Sub-Mission for Urban
     Infrastructure and Governance), 2006
     Karnataka Urban Drinking Water and Sanitation Policy, 2003
  Additional references
5. SANITATION, WATER QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENT
Sanitation
   Fundamental Right to Sanitation
     Virendra Gaur v. State of Haryana, 1994
     L.K. Koolwal v. State of Rajasthan, 1986
   Rural Context
     Total Sanitation Campaign Guidelines, 2007
     Haryana Panchayath Raj Act, 1994
   Urban Context
     National Urban Sanitation Policy, 2008
     Cantonments Act, 2006
  Water quality and pollution
   National Level
     Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
     Bureau Indian Standards Specifications for Drinking Water (BIS Specification 10500), 1991
     Uniform Protocol on Water Quality Monitoring Order, 2005   
  State Level: Municipal Laws  
     Karnataka Municipal Corporations Act, 1976
     New Delhi Municipal Council Act, 1994
Water and environment
   National Level
     Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
     National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
     Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
     National Ganga River Basin Authority Notification, 2009
     Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010
   State Level
     Kerala Protection of River Banks and Regulation of
     Removal of Sand Act, 2001
     Rajasthan Soil and Water Conservation Act, 1964
Additional references
6.   IRRIGATION
General irrigation legislation
     Bihar Irrigation Act, 1997
Water user association legislation
     Uttar Pradesh Participatory Irrigation Management Act, 2009
Additional references
7.   GROUNDWATER
National level initiatives
    Central Groundwater Authority
    M.C. Mehta v. Union of India, 1996
    Notification Constituting the Central Groundwater Authority, 1997
Model Groundwater Legislation
     Model Bill to Regulate and Control the Development
     and Management of Groundwater, 2005
State groundwater laws
     West Bengal Groundwater Resources (Management,
     Control and Regulation) Act, 2005
     Andhra Pradesh Water, Land and Trees Act, 2002
Rainwater harvesting
     Bihar Groundwater (Regulation and Control of
     Development and Management) Act, 2006
     Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Act, 1964
     Kerala Municipality Building Rules, 1999
Additional references
8.  INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS
State water regulatory authorities
     Uttar Pradesh Water Management and Regulatory Commission Act, 2008
Infrastructure and water
     Scheme for Support to Public Private Partnerships in Infrastructure, 2005
     Gujarat Infrastructure Development Act, 1999
     Himachal Pradesh Infrastructure Development Act, 2001
Additional references
9.  FISHING, MINING AND ELECTRICITY
Fishing
    Indian Fisheries Act, 1897
    Gujarat Fisheries Act, 2003
    Mizoram Fisheries Act, 2002
Mining
    National Mineral Policy (for Non-fuel and Non-coal Minerals), 2008
    Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Bill, 2010
Electricity
    Hydropower Policy, 2008
    Electricity Act, 2003
    Rural Electrification Policy, 2006
Additional references
ANNEXES
Additional references
List of legal instruments and cases reproduced or cited
     International instruments
     Union and Multi-State Instruments
     State-level Instruments
     Cases
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Author Deatails
Philippe Cullet  : Professor of International and Environmental Law at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University ot London; Convenor ot the International Environmental Law Research Centre (ILLRC.org); and a Senior Visiting Eellow at the Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi.
Sujith Koonan : Associated with the Environmental Law Research Society, New Delhi.
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